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Forest Practice Act
Guide to the California Forest Practice Act and Related Laws

By Sharon Duggan

  • Item# FP
  • ISBN: 0-923956-77-8
  • Copyright (c) 2005
  • Paperback
  • Price: $95.00
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A comprehensive treatise on the applicable state and federal legislation that regulates timber harvesting on private lands in California. Intended as a complete resource for the full range of actors involved, the book covers statutory and regulatory requirements, case law, and agency policies, and includes short articles, charts, graphs, tables, and appendices to help the reader understand complex regulatory processes and how they interrelate.

ABOUT GUIDE TO THE CALIFORNIA FOREST PRACTICE ACT

In addition to the information provided below you may also:

See the Front and Back Cover of the Book (Acrobat)
and/or
Read the Detail Table of Contents and Preface (Acrobat)




CHAPTERS AT A GLANCE

1
History and Purpose of the 1973 Forest Practice Act
2
The Players
3
Timber Harvest Review Process
4
Substantive Standards for Timber Harvest Plans
5
Standards Specific to the Protection of Animals and Plants
6
Rules Governing Protection of Archaeological and Historical Resources
7
Timber Harvesting Under Authority Other Than THPs
8
Sustained Yield Plan Process
9
Local Government Regulation of Timber Harvesting
10
Timberland Productivity Act
11
Timberland Conversions
12
California Environmental Quality Act
13
Federal and State Laws Protecting Endangered Species
14
Requirements for Protection of Water Quality
15
Regulation of Timber Harvesting in the Coastal Zone
16
Additional Laws Affecting Private Forest Lands
17
Common Law Prohibitions Relevant to Forest Practices on Private Land
18
Enforcement of the Forest Practice Act and Other State Statutes



ABOUT THE BOOK

Guide to the Forest Practice Act and Related Laws is a comprehensive treatise on the applicable state and federal legislation that regulates timber harvesting on private lands in California.

The book covers statutory and regulatory requirements, case law, and agency policies, and includes short articles, charts, graphs, tables, and appendices to help the reader understand complex regulatory processes and how they interrelate.

Intended as a complete resource for the full range of actors involved in timber operations on private lands in California, Guide to the Forest Practice Act will be extremely useful to anyone who needs a detailed understanding of environmental and land use law in California.

Topics covered include:
  • Agencies and professional groups involved in forest practices regulation
  • Board of Forestry rulemaking requirements
  • Timber harvest review process
  • Substantive standards for timber harvest plans
  • Standards specific to protection of animals and plants
  • Rules governing protection of historical and archaeological resources
  • Sustained yield plan process and other types of timber harvest plans
  • Local government regulation of timber harvesting
  • Timberland Productivity Act
  • Timberland conversion
  • Private and public enforcement mechanisms and penalties
  • Requirements for disclosure of public records
  • Licensing and regulation of registered professional foresters and licensed timber operators
  • State and federal forestry assistance programs
  • Common law nuisance and the public trust doctrine



ABOUT THE AUTHORS

Sharon E. Duggan is an attorney in private practice in Berkeley, California. As a private practitioner for the past 24 years, she has represented environmental organizations and individuals throughout California in a wide variety of matters involving state and federal forestry, water quality, endangered species, environmental quality, and administrative procedure laws. She received her J.D. from McGeorge School of Law.

Tara Mueller is a Deputy Attorney General in the Land Law Section of the California Attorney Generalís Office in Oakland, where she represents the California Coastal Commission, State Lands Commission, and other state lands agencies in environmental and land use litigation and other matters. Ms. Mueller has practiced environmental and land use law for the past 13 years, specializing in endangered species and other natural resources matters. She received her J.D. from Hastings College of the Law.




PREFACE

This is a comprehensive treatise on the regulation of forest practices on private lands in California. This book provides an in-depth summary and analysis of the myriad state and federal laws that govern forest practices on private lands, including discussion of statutory and regulatory requirements, applicable case law, and agency policies. It also includes a number of useful appendices, sidebar discussions, and charts, graphs and tables to assist users of this book in understanding these complex state and federal regulatory processes and how such processes interrelate.

California has the most extensive body of laws applicable to private land forestry of any state in the country. The primary governing statute is the 1973 Z’Berg Nejedly Forest Practice Act (FPA). The FPA requires an owner of timberland who wishes to harvest timber for commercial purposes to submit one of several types of timber harvest plans, depending upon the nature of the operation and the type of landowner involved, to the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (CDF) for its review and approval. This book outlines the detailed procedures and substantive requirements for the preparation, review, approval and implementation of such plans, as set forth in the FPA and its implementing regulations.

California also has enacted the 1976 Timberland Productivity Act (TPA), which establishes a special zoning designation for commercial timberland that restricts the use of such land to timberland production and compatible uses and which offers certain tax advantages. This book outlines the processes for zoning land for timberland production, and for re-zoning and converting such specially zoned land to other zoning designations and land uses.

In addition, this book describes the roles and responsibilities of each participant in the process of obtaining approval to harvest timber on private lands, including the timberland owner or timber owner, plan submitter, registered professional forester (RPF), licensed timber operator (LTO), the public, CDF, the Board of Forestry and Fire Protection (Board), and other public agencies. This book discusses the Board’s rulemaking responsibilities, as well as CDF’s licensing, regulation and discipline of RPFs, LTOs, and other forestry professionals. The text also discusses the roles and responsibilities of other state and local agencies in regulating forest practices on private lands. These agencies include the California Department of Fish and Game, the Regional Water Quality Control Boards and State Water Resources Control Board, California Geological Survey, California Coastal Commission, Department of Pesticide Regulation, and cities and counties. The book outlines how each of these other agencies interfaces with CDF and the Board, both under the FPA and TPA, and in implementing their own responsibilities under other applicable statutes.

The book also provides a detailed discussion of other state and federal laws that impose additional requirements on timber harvesting on private lands. These other laws include the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA), the state and federal Endangered Species Acts, state and federal water quality laws, the California Coastal Act, the state Wild and Scenic Rivers Act, laws regulating the use of pesticides, and restrictions on streambed alteration and other miscellaneous provisions of the Fish and Game Code. Additionally, this treatise discusses the law of nuisance and the public trust doctrine, two common laws that are relevant to timber operations on private lands.

This book provides a discussion of the application of these various statutory and common laws as applied to private land forestry in California, including an extensive overview of available enforcement mechanisms under the FPA and other state and federal laws. Finally, the book provides brief summaries of laws concerning urban forestry, regulation of state-owned forests, and state and federal programs for restoration of private forest lands.

Because the focus of this book is on laws and regulations pertaining to commercial timber harvesting on private forest lands in California, it does not cover the regulation and management of federal forest lands or private logging on federal forest lands. Nor does it provide a detailed discussion of California fire regulations for private forest lands.

The book is intended to be a comprehensive guide for the wide variety of actors who are involved or interested in timber harvesting on private lands in California. It is designed to assist timberland owners and timber owners in understanding their rights and responsibilities when pursuing logging proposals. It also is intended to guide forestry professionals who assist timberland owners and timber owners in preparing and implementing logging plans, including but not limited to plan submitters, RPFs, LTOs, biologists, hydrologists, geologists, and other resource professionals.

Similarly, the book is intended to assist each public agency responsible for regulating timber operations on private lands, and members of the public who are interested in participating in these agency processes, to ensure that the laws are properly applied and enforced. This book likewise provides a useful guide to lawyers, planners, and other consulting professionals involved in timber harvesting on private lands and environmental issues generally, on behalf of landowners, agencies, and the interested public. Finally, this book also can serve as a textbook for a variety of undergraduate, graduate and legal educational institutions.

A note of caution is in order: this book is not intended to provide legal advice, nor can it provide a complete, up-to-date discussion of every applicable area of the law and every possible interpretation of these complex laws and regulations. The law is constantly and rapidly evolving through adoption of new statutes and regulations, court decisions, agency interpretations, and the like. This book is intended only as a general guide. It covers statutes, regulations, policies and guidance documents, case law and studies in effect or proposed as of March 30, 2005, including all relevant laws enacted in 2004 that became effective on January 1, 2005. Readers are advised to consult their own attorneys to obtain legal advice on a particular matter. The authors hope that this book will be a useful and practical tool for all those who wish to understand private land forestry regulation in California.